Alpha-pinene and beta-pinene are two of the most common terpenes in nature, including cannabis. Learn more about its remarkable aroma and how it affects the human body for various therapeutic uses.

The properties of the monoterpenes alpha- and beta-pinene are quite similar. Turpentine is extracted from conifers (trees with pines) and is known to contain high levels of these pinenes. They have a distinctive pine smell (think Christmas trees). The pinenes are also in pine trees, sage, and eucalyptus.

Alpha-pinene is typically found in high concentration in:

  • Olive
  • Rosemary
  • Sassafras
  • Bergamot

Beta-pinene is typically found in high concentration in:

  • Hops
  • Cumin

Medicinal Properties of Alpha-Pinene and Beta-Pinene

Alpha-pinene, like many terpenes, has anti-inflammatory properties that also may help arthritis and pancreatic inflammation. It also is known to be a bronchodilator, which opens the airflow to the lungs and may help with asthma.

Alpha-pinene is most known for its properties to help with memory. It is thought that this may help combat the short-term memory loss from THC. Alpha-pinene is important for CB2 ligands. Alpha-pinene sourced from pine needles was shown to have anti-cancer and antioxidant properties.

Learn more about CB2 receptors and their importance in the endocannabinoid system.

Terpenes such as alpha-pinene, limonene, and isoprene can cause irritation to the upper respiratory system. However, they can provide anti-infectious effects for bronchitis. Both alpha-pinene and beta-pinene were found to have antimicrobial and antibacterial properties.

High Alpha-Pinene Strains and High Beta-Pinene Strains

Sativas, hybrids, and indicas all likely contain high amounts of pinene. Interestingly enough, Alpha pinene is typically found in higher quantities, on average, than its beta-pinene cousin. While it was hypothesized by the cannabis community that creative strains of cannabis may have higher levels of pinene, Strain Genie’s data analysis suggests that Create strains actually contain lower levels of pinene.

a list of High Alpha-Pinene Strains and High Beta-Pinene Strains
Blue Dream, Shark Shock, Pineapple Express, Citrus Sap, Double Dream, Grape Ape, Frank’s Gift, Vanilla Kush, Critical Cheese, Cherry Limeade, White Fire OG (WiFi OG), Blue Haze, and Blueberry are all strains high in pinene — either the cannabis terpene alpha-pinene or the cannabis terpene beta-pinene.

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